Solar Heating Systems With Common Specifications

The solar hot water system or the solar water heating system (SHW or SWH system) is one and the same, sufficing the hot water requirements in the domestic and commercial segments. Promoted as an all year round model, the solar hot water systems do work all year round albeit some bouts of non-availability of sun during winters might hinder its usability. Hence, a gas and electricity based system during these days might enhance the effectiveness of the system.                                                                                       

There are 2 main components of any SWH system, first the rectangular solar collector and second is the water storage tank, the latter being placed above the former or vice versa. The pumping system actually manages to bifurcate the segment of solar heating systems into active solar heating systems as against passive ones. The conventional passive systems do not have the pumping components and tend to rely on the natural aspect of gravity for water circulation post the heating.

The active solar heating systems on the other hand use designated pumping chronology to move the fluid from the collector panels to the storage tank. A piping system is also used and though it appears straightforward, it actually comprises of a lot of components like pipes, pipe fittings, valves, strainers, pipe hangers, inserts, expansion loops, supports, guides, anchors, sleeves etc.

The solar heating system is placed mostly over the terrace or any such region which guarantees the maximum part of sunlight.

The specification part of solar water heating systems emphasizes on the following aspects:

* Capacity of the storage tank in liters
* Sizes of components in meters ( or even centimeters)
* Piping flow rate per second
* Number of collectors
* Metals and materials used

There are many other specifications of solar water heating systems along with warranty aspects. In addition, most manufacturers provide results of a series of tests applicable to the functioning and life of the components. There are many norms and standards which hold ground and hence are mentioned in the handbook (user manual); the manual also includes steps and other aspects of working.

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